Wisdom Teeth Extraction Process
Wisdom teeth commonly need surgical extraction because they are impacted. Your dentist in Noblesville, IN will know if you face this issue by taking an x-ray of your mouth, or being able to see the way they are coming in during a routine visit. While feeling nervous about this procedure is perfectly normal, surgical tooth extra is the most common surgery performed in the United States.
When a wisdom tooth is impacted, your dentist will have to cut through bone and tissue to remove the tooth. Anywhere from just one, to all four wisdom teeth may need to be surgically removed. Your dentist or oral surgeon will perform the procedure in their office; however, it may be necessary for some patients that have high risk factors to have the procedure performed in a hospital.
If you are only having one wisdom tooth removed your doctor may just give a local anesthetic. When multiple wisdom teeth are being removed, a general anesthetic that will put you to sleep will be used. Your doctor will give you pre-surgery instructions about what and when you can eat or drink prior to the procedure.
In order to remove a wisdom tooth that is impacted, the dentist or surgeon must cut away the bone that is impacting the wisdom tooth. He will have to open the gum tissue to do this. He may cut the tooth into smaller pieces to make it easier to remove. After the removal, you will receive a few stitches to close the gum and allow it to heal properly. You will either have dissolvable stiches, or stiches that will need to be removed in a few days and require a follow up appointment for this. You will have gauze or cotton pads placed over your gums to stop the bleeding.
Recovery generally only takes a few days. Your doctor will prescribe you a painkiller that will help to reduce inflammation and pain. Bleeding is common to last anywhere from a few to 24 hours. The doctor should send you home with gauze or pads to continue to use. You should bite down on these gently and switch them out as they soak.
Do not attempt to eat while your mouth is numb. You should also not lie flat. Propping your head up will help to slow the bleeding. An ice pack can be applied to the side of your cheek for up to 20 minutes at a time the first day. Try to rest as much as possible for 24 hours after surgery. You should not drive or operate machinery. You will probably only want to eat soft foods for a few days as your mouth will be tender. Do not use a straw or play wind instruments for at least 72 hours after surgery. A warm salt water rinse can also help with pain and swelling.